History of Concentrates
Cannabis Concentrates plants are covered by microscopic, mushroom shaped, hair-like compounds called trichomes. These outgrowths surround the budding marijuana flower and produce the plant’s cannabinoids. Different varieties of trichomes can be collected. The resulting products collectively called cannabis. Concentrates can contain very high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol.
How are concentrates made?
Marijuana concentrates can be made in a commercial environment with modern equipment or prepared in a home setting. They are produced in various ways, including:
- dry processing
- dry ice processing
- water-based processing
- combining pressure with heat
- using nonflammable carbon dioxide solvents
- using flammable solvents, including butane (lighter fluid), propane, ether or alcohol
The products resulting from these methods may be:
- a gooey liquid wax
- a soft solid with a texture like lip balm
- a hard, amber-colored solid
Hash oil and waxes can be consumed using vape pens. Solids can also be placed on a heated platform usually made of titanium, quartz, or ceramic. where they are vaporized by high heat and inhaled through a dabbing tool, often called a rig.
What’s the difference between concentrates, extracts, and dabs?
The terms used to describe these products vary. Concentrates is a broad term referring to all products that have been extracted from the plant. Although extracts and concentrates are often used interchangeably, some people define extracts as products manufactured using solvents. Also, but not those pulled from the plant with non-solvent methods. Dabs may refer to products made exclusively from butane hash oil. However, the term is sometimes used colloquially for concentrates extracted in other ways. There are also post-production methods that lead to further variations in products and terms.
What are the health effects of concentrates?
There are adverse effects associated with marijuana use in any form, though additional research is needed. Further, to understand how the use of concentrate may differ from smoking dried marijuana buds. Marijuana concentrates have very high levels of THC. Solvent based products tend to be especially potent. THC levels documented at an average of about 54-69% and reported to exceed 80%. While non solvent based extraction methods produce average THC levels between 39-60%. In comparison, the THC content in marijuana plant material, which is often used in marijuana cigarettes, is lower with samples seized by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency averaging just over 15%. Not only do concentrates have high levels of THC, but dabbers inhale the entire amount all at once in a single breath. As a result, concentrates can deliver extremely large amounts of THC to the body quickly. The risks of physical dependence and addiction increase with exposure to high concentrations of THC, and higher doses of THC are more likely to produce anxiety, agitation, paranoia, and psychosis. Additional research is needed to understand how the use of concentrate affects these risks.